David Duhalde

Returning to the Fold: DSA and Coalition Politics After Trump

Returning to the Fold: DSA and Coalition Politics After Trump
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Members of Atlanta DSA backed by the national organization conducting an anti-Republican turnout effort in the Georgia runoffs tied to the Green New Deal and other policy outcomes that would only be possible under a Democratic-controlled Senate. Photo: Atlanta DSA

By David Duhalde

Since the 2020 general election, the Democratic Socialists of America – locally and nationally – have been moving towards a coalition politics that puts the organization and its chapters in a unique niche that is differentiated from the Democratic Party, from mainline liberal-left organizations, and from marginal tendencies in U.S. left-wing politics. As socialists, we must hold Democrats accountable to the base that elected them, and also avoid returning to the obscurity in which DSA spent the years before Bernie Sanders’ 2016 presidential bid. To do so effectively, the DSA must avoid self-imposing many of the constraints that limited its work in the 2020 presidential race after the end of Sanders’ candidacy.

The Bernie or Bust resolution of DSA’s 2019 convention exemplified such a voluntary foreclosure on political possibility. The delegates overwhelmingly voted for DSA to refrain from endorsing any Democrat besides Sanders in the 2020 general election. At the event, I spoke against the proposal on the grounds it would limit DSA’s potential to help Sanders leverage support at the 2020 Democratic convention (DNC) such as coordinating actions by DSA members serving as DNC delegates should he back another candidate.

To be clear, affirmatively throwing DSA’s support behind any candidate besides Sanders would not be a particularly viable or likely outcome. As I wrote in The Nation, DSA had only endorsed two Democratic presidential candidates – John Kerry and Barack Obama in his first race – since 2000. I was also heartened to see the lukewarm reception across the organization to the handful of chapters who encouraged DSA to actively back Howie Hawkins’ Green Party candidacy. Despite my critiques of the resolution binding DSA outside of any coalition politics that involved Democratic presidential candidates, the socialist organization did avoid hitching our political capital to a marginal, but socialist, campaign too — one which ended up receiving only one quarter Jill Stein’s 2016 vote total despite 25 million additional ballots being cast.


My real concern, which I then saw validated, was that the resolution would close off DSA to allies. While DSA convention delegates in 2019 reached a clear consensus on only endorsing Bernie — the same could not be said for membership’s orientation towards the general election — particularly as the election consumed more and more of the public’s political imagination. While people knew DSA was “not endorsing Biden,” it was unclear what the largest group of socialists in the country would do. It also was the only group in the People Power for Bernie coalition to opt out of its follow-up, the United Against Trump coalition to coordinate activism to defeat the now-former president.

The National Political Committee (NPC, or DSA’s elected leadership) debated but voted down a proposal at its May 5 meeting to turn out anti-Donald Trump votes in swing states. They agreed to provide guidance to chapters in the short term and prioritize defeating fascism through social movement work. The NPC issued a statement a week after their vote expressing opposition to Trump and solidarity with Sanders’ call to defeat him — but did not provide open guidance for what members and chapters could do to specifically engage with the presidential election beyond broad calls to build the socialist movement. By September, the NPC gave internal guidance to chapter leaders on strategy and messaging, an action kit focused on a united front of the left, and guidance on incorporating the urgency of the moment in the recruitment drive.


In the absence of any public direction, I and two comrades – former Bernie 2020 labor staffer Jonah Furman and NPC member Maikiko James – organized a letter for individual DSA members to state their support for organizing as socialists to defeat Trump by driving turnout for progressive down-ballot candidates. Several hundred people signed and volunteered throughout the fall. During the Bernie or Bust debate, advocates of the resolution repeatedly assured delegates that individual members could support the nominee on their own. And while our letter never endorsed electioneering for Joe Biden, even if we had, we would be doing so in our individual capacity, respecting the letter and spirit of our convention’s democratic decision for DSA as an organization.

Others did not see it this way. Our open letter faced public pushback from fellow DSA members who did not share our urgency in taking specific action to remove Trump via down-ballot work. They did so not because they viewed Trump favorably, but out of a firm conviction that socialists shouldn’t support neoliberal candidates and that the convention resolution mandated that DSA and its members do nothing – direct or indirect – that would advance Biden’s candidacy. The contention, taken to this logical end, meant DSA members ought to be bound against formally endorsing any effort to stop Trump even as his mismanagement of a nationwide pandemic and failure to deliver relief immiserated millions of working families.

Luckily, Biden defeated Trump, in no small part due to mass organizing by UNITE-HERE and other grassroots movements to fill the gap left by the Democratic Party’s refusal to canvass voters door-to-door. Though U.S. Rep. Rashida Tlaib was a shoo-in for the general election, her campaign echoed my proposed fall strategy by driving up turnout in her heavily Democratic district to increase the vote for Biden in Michigan.


While DSA hadn’t backed these actions and played no formal role in them, the NPC issued a statement immediately following election day that praised the work of UNITE-HERE and Bernie Sanders to defeat Trump. In that missive, DSA did not celebrate the victory of Joe Biden and Kamala Harris. Instead, the organization explicitly criticized the incoming administration and put them on notice. But for the first time in 2020, national DSA was uplifting the popular front work that defeated Trump. More importantly, the next day, the national and chapter leadership called for members to join the November 7 demonstrations with other allies to demand democracy from Trump and condemn the public attempts by him and his followers to steal the election by overturning the Electoral College results in swing states.

Many of the pro-democracy gatherings that day became victory celebrations as news networks officially called the election for Biden-Harris that afternoon. In New York City, I marched alongside hundreds of DSA members and thousands of other Big Apple residents as we took the streets of Manhattan. Across the country, there was a sigh of relief that Trump at least would be removed from office. None of us knew what would happen nearly two months later in the Capitol. But we did know the Senate balance fell onto Georgia.

Across the country, centrist Democratic Senate candidates substantially underperformed their polling, losing races in states like Maine, North Carolina, and Iowa. Trump’s surprising ability to bring out new voters kept at least 50 Senate seats in Republican hands. But now, control of the Senate, and with it, any hope of the Biden Administration delivering on the commitments that Sanders and DSA’s allied groups had fought for rested on the Georgia runoffs.

Fortunately, DSA took a different stance in the Peach State than it had in the presidential race. Instead of abstaining, DSA chapters in Georgia (with support from the national infrastructure) conducted an anti-Republican turnout effort. DSA’s four Georgia chapters didn’t — and didn’t need to — endorse either Democrat to do that, especially given Jon Ossoff’s anti-Medicare-for-All stance. Instead, the chapters collaborated with the national DSA and the Ecosocialist Working Group to tie the results to the Green New Deal and other policy outcomes that would only be possible under a Democratic-controlled US Senate.


Georgia DSA members coordinated out-of-state volunteers to text and phonebank Georgia voters with an issues-driven turnout message. Marquita Bradshaw, a DSA-aligned activist and 2020 Democratic-nominee for the Tennessee US Senate race, emceed a volunteer call to rally grassroots energy. In addition, they canvassed with flyers featuring Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and the progressive agenda she and DSA back, urging Georgians to cast their ballots with those issues in mind.

This strategy wasn’t universally embraced — meeting many of the same critics as our anti-Trump letter. Still others felt it wasn’t vocal enough in supporting the Democrats. This time, absent the chilling effect of a Bernie-or-Bust-style resolution, the NPC was able to back up the work of our Georgia comrades to defeat incumbent GOP senators. This issue-based electioneering paid off as both Republicans lost their seats, tilting the balance of the US back to Democratic control. Without the presidential race’s self-imposed constraints, the organization’s leadership and membership were able to join active struggles required to defeat the far right — which take place regardless of DSA’s actions, and do not require our positive endorsement of neoliberal Democrats to engage with.

January 6, the day after Ossoff and Warnock’s victory, thousands of Trump’s most reactionary supporters stormed the US Capitol in a bizarre and extremely dangerous gamble to overturn the election results. Their putsch failed, sparking a huge backlash across the political spectrum. DSA jumped further into coalition politics at this moment, joining the racial justice-oriented Frontline’s full-page advertisement in The New York Times calling for Trump’s removal. The next day, the national leadership issued a statement in both English and Spanish urging both trade unionists to pass resolutions in support Trump stepping down alongside uplifting of Reps. Cori Bush’s call for an investigation into the insurrection and Ilhan Omar’s resolution for Trump’s impeachment.


Furthermore, the leadership explicitly called for chapters to join coalitions to “demand democracy.” I attended one such event that night outside of Brooklyn’s Barclay Center. New York City DSA leaders called a rally with the city’s Working Families Party, Sunrise chapter, and an SEIU local to stand together against a fascist attempt to violently overturn a democratic election. The cathartic gathering was for democracy in both the short and the long term. “As democratic socialists, we recognize that in the long term, the only way to beat the forces of reaction is to build a multiracial working-class mass movement rooted in justice, solidarity, and liberation,”  said New York City DSA Co-Chair Chi Anunwa.

“And so in addition to our demands for impeachment and electoral reform, we are also committed to fighting for a more just vision of American society that puts people over profit and where the entire working class can experience true democracy in our government, in our workplace, and in our economy,”  she added. Anunwa, myself, and nearly 1,000 others marched on December 7 from the arena to soon-to-be Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer’s house to demand he act decisively to defend democracy and hold the Republicans who attempted to throw out millions of votes accountable.

The quick action by DSA and the coalition politics of early January stood in stark contrast to the fall,  when individual members could only coordinate amongst themselves — in a way that could not build power for DSA or strengthen its coalitions — as Election Day drew near. In a hypothetical world where DSA had also passed a binding resolution, over a year in advance, for the DSA to refuse any engagement in the Georgia Senate race, we would have missed this opportunity as well. But instead, we were able to assess the political situation in the moment and act appropriately. Importantly, we were able to do so without moving towards the Democratic Party or even formerly endorsing. Instead we functioned as an independent socialist organization working to mobilize voters to defeat the far right.

DSA will be most effective by keeping its political options open — carving a niche that is apart from the Democratic liberal-left, but that is also separate from the margins of left politics. We cannot solve our political problems through pre-emptive, binding resolutions. Rather, we need collective struggle marked by continued debate in response to the political opportunities before us. I am happy to see the socialist organization to which I have dedicated my adult life returning to its coalition roots- albeit in an updated fashion. That’s the DSA that will change this country and the world.


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  • Paul Garver
    Paul Garver January 28, 2021 at 5:19 pm

    Well done, David. Citing DSA’s work in the Georgia runoff elections and the NYC demonstration you attended might indicate a major and welcome change.

    I would add that many DSA members around the country were already following the same strategy. A single small example – in Framingham, a small predominantly working-class city in the MetroWest area of Boston, the DSA Boston MetroWest group organized a “Defend Democracy” rally two days after the election. We worked with the MetroWest chapters of Our Revolution and 350 Massachusetts to turn out a substantial crowd that included the three State representatives from the area. The alliance of the three groups has continued as an emergency coalition against evictions and homelessness and as a support campaign for undocumented migrants and refugees, lobbying together on a variety of issues in the state legislature, including a newly successful effort to improve transparency in the state legislature. We are returning to a model that David is advocating and that many of us have never abandoned in DSA.

    • David Duhalde
      David Duhalde January 30, 2021 at 6:05 pm

      Excellent example of Massachusetts. Thanks, Paul

  • Carl+Davidson
    Carl+Davidson January 28, 2021 at 6:00 pm

    I can’t help but notice the irony. DSA wisely broke with the far left by endorsing Bernie running on the Dem line in 2016. The result was its huge growth surge, But it unwisely rejected following Bernie’s lead in 2020, when, after his defeat, he backed Biden over Trump. The result was confusion and isolation for DSA, mainly because it couldn’t handle the ultraleft trend’s decision at its convention. Every DSA member in my area simply ignored DSA’s position and worked with PDA, Black groups, or the unions to defeat Trump with a Biden victory. I also find it interesting how the bullet is dodged twice by the more-cures-than-aspirin bromide your account, i.e. ‘build a movement.’ Try substituting ‘build a campaign’ and you are immediately faced with the key task: how to make the campaign concrete and a united effort.

  • William Barclay
    William Barclay January 28, 2021 at 7:34 pm

    I also hope that David has read the internal DSA dynamics correctly altho I think it too soon to know for sure. Like Carl and a lot of other DSA members, my wife and I did extensive work to defeat trump – via calls, texts, postcards and letters. But all this happened outside the framework of DSA, it was us (and others) as individuals. As a result, we got respect and praise from orgs like Indivisibles, Field Team 6, etc. but none of that redounded to DSA’s credit. As an organization we cannot afford the kinds of political isolation that was driven by the 2019 Bernie-or-Bust resolution. We lost an opportunity to build DSA visibility and probably some potential recruits as well.

    • David Duhalde
      David Duhalde January 30, 2021 at 6:04 pm

      I agree with my old friend Bill, like Zhou Enlai said about the French Revolution, it may be too soon tell of its success.

  • Lawrence Rockwood
    Lawrence Rockwood January 29, 2021 at 1:30 pm

    I was very proud of DSA in 2020. I left DSA in the 1990s over it support of Clinton and will do so again in a second. After supporting Howie Hawkins for years, I voted for Biden in the general election.

    I did not need to have DSA condescending, and patronizing to tell me to pick Wall Street over Fascism. If it did, I would have left again in a second.

    If a DSAr wants to support a non-progressive Democrat, they can do it without dragging in DSA.

  • Susan Chacin
    Susan Chacin January 30, 2021 at 12:55 am

    I appreciate the care David has taken to document how DSA’s more sensible members have been working around the “Bernie or Bust” mandate and attitude. See my upcoming Socialist Forum article “A New Vision for DSA: The Socialist Voice in a Progressive United Front” for ideas about the origins of the “go it alone” strategy. In this multi-tendency organization, it is important to identify where such sectarian positions come from. The “big tent” doesn’t mean we can’t struggle in a comradely way against harmful ideas. We don’t have to aim at a unanimous “line” to critique positions that alienate us from our natural allies.

    • David Duhalde
      David Duhalde January 30, 2021 at 6:06 pm

      Looking forward to reading your piece. As Larry Cohen once told me, we should strive for unity not unanimity.

  • Josh
    Josh February 1, 2021 at 7:56 pm

    I agree with the tenor and suggestions of this article. Our local chapter participated in lots of this work, before the election and after. I’d like to see a similar mea culpa from Working Families’ Party, which made an even earlier endorsement.

    • Kurt Stand
      Kurt Stand February 2, 2021 at 3:49 pm

      Excellent article David and your points are well taken.  My experience here in the DC Metropolitan area reflected a more positive local development — a deepening awareness of the need to ground socialist politics in the on-going realities and struggles of working people without imposing a pre-determined “line” as if that would somehow prevent unprincipled compromise. Unfortunately, the strictures imposed on us by that 2019 Convention resolution meant that we were disconnected organizationally from the critically important anti-Trump/anti-fascist/anti-racist movement. We lost something organizationally by the failure to engage in the presidential race as we should have, but fortunately not as much as might have been the case — because of the outcome but we need to do far better in the future. That is possible because the overwhelming number of members of DSA are sincerely trying to find a political path forward, learning from mistakes and learning from victories along the way, as many of us commenting in this thread have done in our respective pasts.

      But clearly, as the article indicates we need to do better going forward.  Our challenge now (as DSA, as the wider left) is to find a more compelling way out of which socialist politics emerges out of broad-based coalition politics rather than being posed in opposition to it.  Certainly, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Rashida Tlaib,  Cori Bush, Jamal Bowman, Lee Carter and others recently elected to national and local office indicate that it is possible to combine racial justice, workers rights, opposition to U.S. militarism within a socialist politics that builds rather than divides. David’s article is a very positive contribution to that process.

      • David Duhalde
        David Duhalde February 2, 2021 at 4:00 pm

        Thank you Josh and Kurt for you comments. I agree: ever forward.

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